Russian arms exports to India fell by 42% between 2014-18 and 2009-13: Report
In consequence, Russia accounted for 58 % of whole Indian arms imports in 2014-2018, in contrast with 76 % in 2009-2013, in line with the report “Tendencies in Worldwide Arms Transfers, 2018” launched by the Stockholm Worldwide Peace Analysis Institute (SIPRI).
According to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s effort to cut back nation’s dependence on overseas arms, India’s import of arms decreased by 24 % between 2009-2013 and 2014-2018, in line with the figures launched by the report.
This decline in India’s import can be partly because of delays in deliveries of arms produced below license from overseas suppliers, reminiscent of fight plane ordered from Russia in 2001 and submarines ordered from France in 2008.
Nonetheless, India was the world’s second largest importer of main arms in 2014-18 and accounted for 9.5 % of the worldwide whole.
Israel, the USA and France all elevated their arms exports to India in 2014-18.
Pakistan’s arms imports decreased by 39 % between 2009-13 and 2014-18. The US has turn out to be more and more reluctant to offer navy support or promote arms to Pakistan: US arms exports to Pakistan fell by 81 % between 2009-13 and 2014-18, it stated.
Pakistan has as an alternative turned to different suppliers. For instance, in 2018 it ordered four frigates and 30 fight helicopters from Turkey, it added.
The lower in India’s arms import is important on condition that the quantity of worldwide transfers of main arms in 2014-18 was 7.eight % larger than in 2009-13 and 23 % larger than in 2004-2008.
The 5 largest exporters in 2014-18 had been the US, Russia, France, Germany and China. The 5 largest importers had been Saudi Arabia, India, Egypt, Australia and Algeria.
The US was the highest arms exporter in 2014-18 and 2009-13. Its exports of main arms grew by 29 % between the 2 intervals and its share of whole international exports rose from 30 % to 36 %. In consequence, the hole between the USA and Russia – the second largest exporter – continued to widen.
In 2009-13, US exports of main arms had been 12 % larger than these of Russia, whereas in 2014-18 they had been 75 % larger.
Russian exports of main arms decreased by 17 % between the identical intervals.
The autumn was partly because of normal reductions in Indian and Venezuelan arms imports – two international locations which have been among the many major recipients of Russian arms exports in earlier years, the SIPRI stated.
“Though India remained the chief recipient of Russian arms in 2014-18, Russian arms exports to India fell by 42 % between 2014-18 and 2009-13. Arms exports to Venezuela, which was the fifth largest recipient of Russian arms in 2009-13, decreased by 96 % between the 2 intervals,” it stated.