Kia Niro EV long-term overview, Half 4 | Automobile Opinions
See additionally: Kia Niro EV Lengthy-Time period Overview, Half 1: The carmaker, the reviewer and the (younger) fanatic
See additionally: Kia Niro EV Lengthy-Time period Overview, Half 2: Electrical automobiles, a brand new thought with an extended historical past
See additionally: Kia Niro EV Lengthy-Time period Overview, Half 3: Let’s look just a little extra carefully at this right here Niro EV, we could?
Thanks Michel for the hand-off! And particularly for the superb presentation of the Niro EV to this point.
Having talked to many individuals round us, some we already knew and a few we didn’t, we definitely bought affirmation that the concept of the electrical car is more and more compelling for a lot of motorists. However that curiosity is accompanied by questions. Why is that? Just because the typical individual continues to be extra used to driving a car, stopping at a gasoline station, filling the tank and driving away.
To paraphrase American engineer and inventor Charles F. Kettering, the world could hate change, however it’s the one factor that has introduced progress. World, meet the electrical car.
Within the rapid, for our half we had been curious to see how we’d expertise driving an electrical car day-after-day for a number of weeks. How would we handle the vary? Would we run to the quick chargers day-after-day to compensate for our puny 110V outlet at house? And if we took the freeway, would the battery cost soften away? So many questions…
Ranges and wattage and oh my
The Kia Niro EV’s battery measurement is 64 kW for an official vary of 380 km. In keeping with Kia, it’ll take 59 hours to totally cost the Niro EV utilizing the manufacturer-supplied cable (ICCB), which is Degree 1. With this cable, you plug into 110V at house. This can be a 20-ampere circuit, and capability is 1.4 kW/hour.
For Degree 2, now: You should utilize the identical cable (with a unique plug) to connect with a 240V supply or an EVSE (Electrical Car Provide Tools) kind of electrical terminal, which is able to can help you recharge your car in about 9.5 hours. That is the kind of at-home set up that the majority electrical automobile patrons will select. This can be a 40-ampere circuit, and capability is between 6.2 and seven.6 kW/hour.
The Niro will be charged at a velocity of seven.2 kW/hour, with a 48-ampere (not 30-ampere) terminal; in a single hour you possibly can get well about 65 km of vary. This determine is price submitting away in your thoughts, as a result of when your car has about 100 km of vary left, you already know that in solely three hours you’ll get well nearly 200 km.
By the best way, a really sensible characteristic within the Niro is the power to set the car’s charging time. Say you get house at 9 pm; you do not have to exit once more at midnight to unplug your automobile. Simply use the car’s scheduling system or the app that comes with it.
Now, about our personal expertise. Remember the fact that once we drive EVs like this, we’re testing them for a brief interval, and we aren’t fitted with a charging terminal at house. So we’re like a shoemaker who wears ratty outdated footwear. Our solely lifeline was our common energy outlet. However within the occasion, this posed no downside in any respect throughout the eight weeks we had the car, and through which we drove it over 3,000 km.
We famous that when the Niro EV was plugged in at house, we had been getting about 1 p.c of cost again per hour. We additionally calculated that on our every day travels we coated a median of about 80 km every day (primarily in city setting and in regular driving mode), and we used up about 17 p.c of the cost. As soon as again house within the night, we plugged within the automobile, and the subsequent morning, we simply needed to calculate the variety of hours the automobile had been plugged in to know the way a lot share we’d recovered. So if the automobile had been plugged in for 13 hours, we’d gained about 13 p.c of cost again.
For a faster cost, earlier than heading off for a Montreal-to-Sherbrooke drive, with the battery at lower than 50 p.c, we solely needed to cease at a 100-kW station to stand up to 91 p.c in 40 minutes.
I do know, I can hear you from right here, 40 minutes to recharge is simply too lengthy. That is true, however it’s progress, and with these charging stations beginning to seem all over the place, you possibly can plug in someplace handy, then run a few errands, seize a espresso or a snack, and so on.
The higher information is that 350-kW Degree 3 charging stations are additionally beginning to turn into extra frequent. With these terminals, we’d be capable of go from 5 p.c to 80 p.c in about 20 minutes. They’re being put in primarily alongside the main highways that cross Canada. Particular point out to Petro Canada, which has taken the lead and is beginning to equip a few of its gasoline stations with fast-charging stations.
We managed to maintain our Niro EV powered for nearly two months with out accessing a Degree 2 terminal at house. Whereas the overwhelming majority of electrical car patrons will equip themselves with a fast-charging station at house (home or rental constructing) once they buy their car, it’s reassuring to know that you’ll solely want quick charging stations throughout longer journeys.
As effectively, we’re seeing an rising variety of 350-kW charging stations sprouting up throughout Canada, which permit for zooming from 5 to 80 p.c in simply 20 minutes or so.
We can also’t assist however really feel that oil firms maintain their future in their very own fingers; they need to critically contemplate charging stations in any respect present gasoline stations lest they miss the electric-mobility boat.