Automobili Lamborghini and composite supplies. Greater than 35 years of historical past instructed in 12 phases
- by Automobilnews.eu
1983: Lamborghini launches the event and use of carbon fiber for the primary time. Within the new ‘Esperienza Materiali Compositi’ Division (often called E.Co), arrange because of the arrival of know-how from Seattle that was developed from the primary carbon fiber and Kevlar elements of the Boeing 767, the primary carbon fiber chassis prototype is created, often called the Countach Evoluzione. That is the primary use of composite supplies by Lamborghini and an absolute first for a challenge of this kind for a highway automobile.
2007: a detailed partnership with the College of Washington (UW) is established; an vital milestone within the historical past of composites at Lamborghini. Some basic features of the event of RTM out-of-autoclave expertise are delegated to the U.S. college, expertise that might ultimately be the premise for the monocoque of the longer term Aventador.
In 2007, a division is about up within the Analysis and Growth Middle, now known as the “Composites Growth Middle”, to give attention to analysis into revolutionary supplies and the event of latest ideas and applied sciences for utility to carbon fiber.
2008: the primary collaboration settlement is signed with Boeing to review the crash habits of composite supplies and the Aventador monocoque. Earlier than anybody else within the automotive trade, Automobili Lamborghini begins to implement composite materials applied sciences, processes, simulation and characterization strategies from the aeronautics and aerospace industries.
2010: on account of its collaboration with Boeing and Callaway, Lamborghini develops the Cast Composites® expertise, a selected patent resulting in the thought for the Sesto Elemento supercar within the area of only a few days. In the identical 12 months, a plant devoted to the manufacturing of elements in composite supplies is constructed on the Lamborghini manufacturing website (subsequently used to provide the Lamborghini Aventador monocoque), alternating between phases of automated manufacturing and cautious craftsmanship.
2011: debut of the brand new Aventador LP 700-4, geared up with an revolutionary carbon fiber monocoque designed and manufactured fully in Sant’Agata Bolognese. The Aventador physique shell, made fully of carbon fiber and designed with a singular construction, ensures a chassis weighing simply 229.5 kg. Exactly due to the distinctive and complicated nature of the method used to fabricate the composite materials monocoque, which no provider can present right now, Lamborghini decides to provide the monocoque in-house.
Many of the components making up the monocoque are produced utilizing Lamborghini’s patented “RTM-Lambo” expertise. This course of eliminates the necessity for guide lamination and autoclaves, however on the identical time permits the usage of carbon fiber molds, lowering manufacturing occasions and making RTM-Lambo a cutting-edge manufacturing expertise.
2011 additionally sees the beginning of growth of the Restore technique by way of a brand new partnership with Boeing.
2014: Automobili Lamborghini turns into the primary automotive agency on this planet to acquire TÜV certification for its carbon fiber automobile restore service. This restore service, whose growth began in 2011, obtains certification for the necessities of accountability, traceability, reliability, punctuality and accuracy of the service supplied following a sequence of audits carried out by TÜV Italia consultants. The service is obtainable by way of specialist professionals, often called “Flying Docs”. These are professionals who’ve undergone preliminary coaching on the Boeing Co. Restore Division, adopted by additional in-depth coaching at Abaris Coaching Assets Inc. in Nevada, the place they get hold of the Superior Composite Constructions Injury Restore qualification, acknowledged by the US Federal Aviation Administration. The goal of this Lamborghini restore service is to ensure that the technical efficiency of the repaired half shall be 100% equivalent to the unique half.
2015: creation of Carbonskin®. Automobili Lamborghini extends its actions within the area of versatile supplies and, after years of analysis and growth, designs a brand new carbon fiber materials with versatile matrix, appropriate for purposes in automobile interiors. From right here, Carbonskin® is created (one other unique Lamborghini patent), a singular, versatile composite materials certified for automotive use. Carbonskin® was developed fully by the Automobili Lamborghini Analysis and Growth workforce and complies with all type-approval and validation necessities of the automotive trade. In addition to lowering the load (28% lighter than Alcantara and 65% lighter than leather-based), this new revolutionary materials presents distinctive traits such because the naturalness of carbon fiber, the three-dimensional impact, and the fast softness to the contact compared with every other materials.
2016: inauguration of the brand new carbon fiber analysis laboratory, the Superior Composite Constructions Laboratory (ACSL), in Seattle (Washington, USA). Working as an exterior entity to the corporate’s headquarters in Sant’Agata Bolognese, the ACSL investigates any new potential improvements in carbon fiber.
2017: analysis challenge with the Houston Methodist Analysis Institute for the examine of composite supplies in drugs. Automobili Lamborghini makes its know-how within the examine of carbon fiber composite supplies obtainable to the Houston Methodist Analysis Institute, launching a collaboration for the examine of those supplies within the medical area. The analysis challenge focuses on the examine of the in-vitro biocompatibility of composite supplies that would doubtlessly be used for the event of prosthetic implants and for subcutaneous units. The goal is to determine new, lighter supplies which can be radio-transparent, higher tolerated by the human physique, and extra sturdy over time than these presently used within the medical area.
2019: testing in area. Automobili Lamborghini is the primary automaker on this planet to hold out analysis on carbon fiber supplies aboard the Worldwide Area Station (ISS). The joint analysis on superior carbon fiber composite supplies initiated two years in the past between Automobili Lamborghini and the Houston Methodist Analysis Institute has now reached an vital milestone. The launch of the Northrop Grumman Antares launcher from the Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia occurred on November 2, 2019, with the mission to take a sequence of composite materials samples produced by Automobili Lamborghini to the ISS. The launch is a part of a check marketing campaign sponsored by the ISS U.S. Nationwide Laboratory and overseen by the Houston Methodist Analysis Institute. Particularly, these exams are aimed toward analyzing the response of 5 completely different composite supplies produced by Lamborghini to the intense stresses generated by the area surroundings, in view of future purposes on automobiles made by the Home of Sant’Agata Bolognese and within the medical area.
2021: launch of the Lamborghini Essenza SCV12, the primary automobile available on the market with a carbon fiber roll cage type-approved based on FIA Hypercar security requirements. This extraordinary achievement is the results of Automobili Lamborghini’s thirty years of expertise within the examine and utility of composite supplies within the automotive area.
To attain this end result, the carbon fiber monocoque produced within the autoclaves of the Automobili Lamborghini CFK division in Sant’Agata Bolognese is strengthened at a number of factors, provided that it has to assist forces of greater than 12 tons with out vital deformation in the course of the extraordinarily rigorous static and dynamic testing for FIA sort approval. There are greater than 20 static exams which, along with the chassis, contain the pedals, belts and gasoline tank. The dynamic crash exams, alternatively, contain impacts at speeds as much as 14 meters/second. It is very important observe that in one of these check, the chassis should not be uncovered to intrusions of exterior components that would come into contact with the driving force, and the gasoline tank should not leak.
Right this moment: sustainability and waste recycling. One other facet that Automobili Lamborghini has been engaged on through the years is the environmental sustainability of the composite materials manufacturing processes. Right this moment, the analysis and initiatives undertaken by Lamborghini engineers have led to the implementation of particular manufacturing applied sciences that cut back the consumption of power and treasured sources like water, and drastically cut back the quantity of composite manufacturing waste.
All waste is reused in different purposes, both on the automobile or put to another use on the manufacturing facility, reminiscent of paneling or trolleys. Something that can not be reused is collected and recycled to get better the fiber, which is then used to make new merchandise in “recycled carbon fiber”. These could even be different automobile components with much less demanding structural and aesthetic specs, reminiscent of automobile flooring panels. Moreover, course of waste is used to create by-products reminiscent of promotional merchandise for patrons and friends throughout occasions organized by Lamborghini. The final word objective is to create the real round sustainability of carbon fiber.